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Status of Biosafety Education, Training and Capacity Building in Sri Lanka An Expert Consultation process was conducted by the Biodiversity secretariaton 27th March 2012,at Hotel TajSamudra, to establish baseline... Read more
A Country Lush with Vegetation - A Bright Future   Deyata Sevana National Tree Planting Programme 2013   Inauguration ceremony will commence on 15th November 2013 at the ausp... Read more
Calling for Expression of Interest (EOI) - 2013 The National Green Reporting System of Sri Lanka Introduction : Nationally appropriate frameworks are necessary to promote the innovation in all socio-economic sectors of any country... Read more
“Conservation and Sustainable Use of soil Biodiversity”   “Conservation and Sustainable Use of soil Biodiversity” FIRST NATIONAL SYMPOSIUM ON SOIL BIODIVERSITY 2013 ... Read more
Home FAQ
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Q1. How can we develop CDM project in Sri Lanka ?

A1. Please download “CDM Flowchart in Sri Lanka”. You can find CDM project development procedure from the flowchart.

Q2. Does anyone support our CDM project development ?

A2. A member of staff from Designated National Authority, under Climate Change Division of Ministry of Environment and Renewable Energy are pleased to support in some extent (consultation regarding eligibility, procedure, PIN etc).

Q3. Are there any CDM consultant available in Sri Lanka ?

A3. Yes We can provide list of name & contact of recognized local CDM consultant for your reference.

Q4. What is the cost for CDM development ?

A4. It is depend on the case. However most of the project proponent are requested to pay for 1) preparation of Project Design Document (PDD) to CDM consultant, Validation Fee to Designated Operational Entities (DOE) and verification fee to DOE other than cost & expenses for their own preparation and operation.

Q5. How can we find buyers for our Certified Emission Reduction (CER) ?

A5. There are some buyers in the market. So you can contact any of them directly or Sri Lankan government has already formed up Sri Lankan Carbon Fund (SLCF) with purpose of promote CDM project in Sri Lanka and facilitate CER deals among the project proponents in Sri Lanka and International Buyers.

Q6. We expect small quantity of GHG emission from our planned project and concern about economically feasibility. Are there any way to make it feasible to resister as CDM project at UNFCCC ?

A6. There are two methodologies might be considered for the case above. One is small scale bundling CDM project and the another is programmatic CDM. For further information, please refer to Small Scale Bundling CDM project and Programmatic CDM in CDM.

Q7. What is the approval process for CDM project ?

A7. Please visit following link : Host Country Approval Procedure.

Q8. Are there any financing schemes available for development of CDM projects ?

A8. There are no specific schemes financing schemes available for CDM projects in Sri Lanka. However there are carbon funds attached to international organizations such as ADB and World Bank which provides financial assistances for development of project documentation and validation of CDM projects.

Q9.How many Endemic Faunal and Floral species recorded in Sri Lanka?

Fauna (Red List, 2007)

Invertebrate Fauna
Number of Endemics
Bees
21
Dragonflies
57
Aphids
2
Butterflies
20
Freshwater Crabs
51
Land Snail
204
Vertebrate Fauna
Number of Endemics
Freshwater Fish
44
Amphibians
90+
Reptiles
101
Birds
33
Mammals
16

 

Flora (Red List, 2007)

Group

Number of Endemics

Angiospermae (Flowering plants) 926
Pterydophyta (ferns) 48
Mosses 63

 

Q10.What is Palaeobiodiversity?

Palaeobiodiversity is the biodiversity of ancient times. This involves the study of man and his environment during prehistoric times upto the historical period and the study of fossils. The study of man includes his habitat, the flora and fauna, culture and  lifestyle.

Natural Resource Management Division

Question 01

No provision is available in the circular no. 04/2010 dated 29th December 2010 issued by the Ministry of Environment and Renewable Energy to explain how trees grown in a land which has a permit older than 15 years (Lands which have not been issued with a grant so far) and issued under the provisions of Land Development Ordinance are removed.  What kind of measures can be taken on the requests in this nature?

Answer 01

It is the responsibility of the relevant Divisional Secretary to take a final decision whether the occupant of the land is issued with a grant or not within a reasonable time period.

When a Divisional Secretary has received a request to remove trees from a land where such decision has not been taken during the last 15 years, first the divisional secretary must consider whether the applicant can be issued a grant for the particular land.  In case of the application for the removal of trees is deemed to be urgent due to some exceptional reasons, the divisional secretary may forward the case to the Secretary of the Ministry of Environment giving sufficient justification.  The justification should include why the application cannot be postponed until the grant is issued under the provisions of Land Development Ordinance and why such grant could not be issued during sufficient period of time.  The Secretary to the Ministry of Environment and Renewable Energy consider the applications case by case together with other supporting documents and take a final decision. 

FAQs on Vehicle Emission Testing

FAQs on Vehicle Emission Testing

1.      Where can I get my Vehicle emission test?

There are two private companies authorized to carry on the VET. They are Laugfs Eco Sri Pvt. Ltd and Cleanco Pvt Ltd. they have their VET centers established in different parts of the island under the commercial name Laugfs Eco Sri and Drivegreen respectively. Around the island, there are a total of 320 VET centers. You can check their website to know the location and details of the testing centers. Then, you may select the nearest and convenient center and get your vehicle tested there.

 

2.      When will my vehicle need an emission test?

Department of Motor traffic has mandated that the passed certificate of Vehicle emission Testing should be submitted while renewing the annual license of your vehicle. Hence, it must at least be done once a year, before renewing the vehicle license. Apart from that, whenever visible smoke comes out of the tailpipe, it is better to get the testing done and repair the malfunctioning of the engine at a repair center.

 

3.      Why is it important to have vehicle emission testing?

The growing vehicle population, especially motor cycles and three wheelers together, with the high emission rates from many of these vehicles has been associated with serious air pollution problems in many urban areas of developing countries. In particular, vehicular emissions are linked to a number of health effects, including respiratory and cardiovascular diseases such as asthma and lung cancer. Emissions from vehicles consist of a large number of pollutants resulting from a number of different processes. The most critical source of pollution is vehicular exhaust that is generated during the fossil fuel combustion process and subsequently emitted from the tailpipes. Primary pollutants in the vehicular exhaust that can produce health effects include carbon monoxide, hydrocarbons, nitrogen oxides, sulphur dioxide and other toxic substances such as particulate matter and lead. Additionally, other gases (such as ozone) and particles (sulphate and nitrates) can form in the atmosphere as secondary pollutants from reactions involving some of those primary emissions.

 

Hence, the government initiated Vehicle Emission Testing Program in order to keep a check on the vehicle emission from in-use vehicles and also to aware the drivers on the proper maintenance of their vehicles.

 

4.      How much will it cost to get my vehicle tested?

The price list as per the vehicles are tabled below:

S. No

Class of Vehicle

Charges Rs.

 (with VAT)

1

Motor bicycle (Petrol)

415.00

2

Motor Bicycle (Diesel)

415.00

3

Three wheeler (Petrol)

505.00

4

Three wheeler (Diesel)

505.00

5

Motor Car (Petrol)

1110.00

6

Motor Car (Diesel)

1110.00

7

Dual purpose vehicles / van (Petrol)

1200.00

8

Dual purpose vehicles / van (Diesel)

1200.00

9

Motor lorry (Petrol)

1560.00

10

Motor lorry (Diesel)

1560.00

11

Motor coach (Petrol)

1020.00

12

Motor coach (Diesel)

1020.00

13

Bus (Petrol)

1010.00

14

Bus (Diesel)

1010.00

15

Prime Mover (Diesel)

1660.00

 

5.      What I can do to help my vehicle pass?

Proper maintenance is a must for the health of the vehicle and to keep the fuel economy in control. If you maintain your vehicle properly and repair the engine in a correct, timely manner, then it will emit less pollutants and hence your vehicle will easily pass the Vehicle emission Testing.

 

6.      How do I make sure that my vehicle won’t be damaged after the vehicle is tested?

As soon as the vehicle enters the testing center, they are directed to the specific lanes on the basis of their fuel types. At each lane, the vehicles are visually tested first. During visual testing, Following criteria are noted:

Chassis number

Engine number

Silencer leak

Oil Leak

Water Leakages

Air Filter (if Possible)

Fuel tank cap

Engine oil dip stick

Plug Top

Fan belt

Abnormal vibration and noises

Operation of governor (accelerator)

If any of these observations, then the vehicle won’t be subjected to emission testing. The owner will be advised to repair and maintain the failure and come for testing again. A specific “Visual Inspection” form is used for this purpose. Hence, this visual inspection procedure guarantees that your vehicle will not be damaged during the testing.

 

7.      What are the procedures of VET testing?

At first the vehicle passes the visual inspection test, as mentioned above, the VIN of the pass vehicles is entered into a data system and then allowed for emission testing.

After the visual inspection, the diesel vehicles in their respective lane are tested. The oil temperature is set around 55 °C. The diesel vehicles undergo smoke opacity test (Snap Acceleration), with 3 pre snap acceleration test cycles and 3 measurement snap acceleration test cycles.

In case of petrol vehicles, they undergo gas analyzer test in the set temperature and RPM (2500+/-300) and CO and HC are monitored under Idle and 2500 RPM speed.  During testing, the automated software is used and the technicians only have to insert the testing probe. There is an inbuilt camera which automatically takes picture of vehicle number plate during the testing.  The passed and failed vehicles both are then issued their results with their emission values on the approved and color-coded pre-printed VET Certificates. The half slip of the certificate is submitted to the local authorities.

All the vehicles have to pay designated charge for the testing. Upon failure, the testing centers will specific handouts for retests explaining the reason behind test failure. The service center provides free retest for the failed vehicles and is asked to visit after proper maintenance within a period of 60 days.

 

8.      Does the owner compulsorily be present during the testing?

Not necessarily but the original documents are mandatory.

 

9.      What kind of documents should I bring during the testing?

The owners are advised to bring the original vehicle registration document or if the vehicle is under a leasing it is compulsory to bring the certified copy of thevehicle registration document from the relevant leasing/finance company.

 

10.  There are two companies who do the testing. If I do in one once, do I always have to get the testing done in the same one?

Not necessarily. The owner can use as per their convenience and priority. All the data will be duly stored in the government data system, so it does not matter.  The vehicle owners are encouraged to choose the vehicle centers are company on the basis of their convenience and experience.

 

11.  What will happen if my vehicle fails the test?

Upon failure, the testing centers will specific handouts for retests explaining the reason behind test failure. The service center provides free retest for the failed vehicles and is asked to visit after proper maintenance within a period of 60 days.

 

12.  Who can repair my vehicle if it fails the test? Are there any designated repair centers or can I choose it on my own?

The government has not mandated any specific repair centers. The vehicle owners can choose the repair centers on their own and are encouraged to choose any good, quality and honest repair centers.

 

13.  What happens when my vehicle pass a retest?

When a vehicle passes the test, a Vehicle emission Testing Certificate is provided to the owner. The certificate is on approved and color-coded pre-printed VET Certificates. The half slip of the certificate is submitted to the local authorities by the VET centers. The owner can then present the certificate at DMT during the annual vehicle license renewal.

 

14.  What are the emission standards for the testing program?

The emission standards are given in the table below:

Petrol Vehicles

Table: Vehicle Emission Standards for Petrol Vehicles as effective from 01 April 2008 ((CEA) Central Environmental Auuthority, 2003)

S.No

Type of vehicles

Carbon Monoxide CO (%v/v)

Hydrocarbon HC (ppm v/v)

Other matters

1

Petrol Vehicles other than motor bi-cycles and motor tri-cycles

4.5

1200

Both Idling and  2500 RPM with no load

2

Petrol motor vehicles and petrol motor tri-cycles

6

9000

 

Abbreviations
% v/v - percentage as per volume
ppm v/v - parts per million as per volume
RPM - Rounds per minutes.

Diesel Vehicles

Table: Vehicle Emission Standards for Diesel Vehicles as effective from 01 April 2008((CEA) Central Environmental Auuthority, 2003)

Type of

vehicle

Smoke Opacity at Instant acceleration K factor (m-1)

Diesel vehicles

8.0

Abbreviations -
K – factor - absorbent Co-efficient

Instant acceleration - Carries the same meaning in the interpretation of the term ‘SAE RECOMMENDED PRACTICE J 1667

 

15.  What parameters/ pollutant gases are tested during VET?

Same as above question 14 details.

 

16.  How can I ensure that the vehicle is tested properly?

After the visual inspection, the diesel vehicles in their respective lane are tested. The oil temperature is set around 55 °C. The diesel vehicles undergo smoke opacity test (Snap Acceleration), with 3 pre snap acceleration test cycles and 3 measurement snap acceleration test cycles.

In case of petrol vehicles, they undergo gas analyzer test in the set temperature and RPM (2500+/-300) and CO and HC are monitored under Idle and 2500 RPM speed.  During testing, the automated software is used and the technicians only have to insert the testing probe. There is an inbuilt camera which automatically takes picture of vehicle number plate during the testing.  The passed and failed vehicles both are then issued their results with their emission values on the approved and color-coded pre-printed VET Certificates. The half slip of the certificate is submitted to the local authorities.

This is the procedure of VET. Since, it is handled by the software; it has fewer errors and is scientific. Still, if the owners are unsatisfied, they can get a retest (upon failure) or complain to AirMAC VET Cell.

 

17.  My vehicle was registered far away from where I drive. Do I need to get them tested in testing centers of the area where it was registered?

Not Necessarily. The testing can be done in any convenient, authorized testing center belonging to any of the two companies.

 

18.  If I get cheated at a VET center or if I am not satisfied with their service, who do I complain to?

Air Resource and Management Center (AirMAC), Ministry of Environment and Renewable Energy

Department of Motor Traffic

 

19.  Who are the government authorities leading VET program?

Following are the leading government institutions on VET:

ü  Department of Motor Traffic, CommissionerGeneral of Motor Traffic

ü  Air Resource and Management Center (AirMAC), Ministry of Environment and Renewable Energy

ü  Central environmental authority (CEA), Ministry of Environment and Renewable Energy

ü  Ministry of Transport

ü  Measurement Unit Standards and Services Department (MUSSD)

ü  Department of Traffic Police

 

20.  I have a new vehicle. Will my insurance cover the Vehicle Emission Testing fees and repair services?

No. Though the insurance may cover the repair charges which you will need to do, in case you fail the tests, the test fee will not be covered. Still, the owners are advised to refer to your vehicle insurance documents or contact your insurance agency.

Questionnaire on Multi lateral Agreements

01

What is the meaning of UNCHE?

United Nations Conference on Human Environment

02

What is meant by the Earth Summit?

United Nations Conference on Environment and Development

03

What is the world’s largest international convention that was held in Johannesburg, South Africa in December 2002?

World Summit on Sustainable Development

04

What are the conventions and protocols related to the atmosphere?

a)      Vienna Convention for the Protection of Ozone Layer-1985

b)      Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer – 1987

c)      United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change-1992

d)     Kyoto Protocol- 1997

 

In which year the South Asia Co-operative Environment Programme started?

In 1982

06

What is the meaning of the Declaration?

Unilateral, official or public statement which is not followed legally but agree according to the standards.

07

What is the meaning of the Convention?

International law which decides the activities that has to be carried out by the local and international parties regarding common concepts, rules and environmental protection. 

08

What is the meaning of the Protocol?

A subsequent agreement and is applicable only to the member countries and will be able to amend or add something to any prevailing convention.  

09

What is the Basel Convention?

Basel Convention on the control of transboundary movements of hazardous wastes and their disposal   is the most descriptive environmental convention that is applicable to hazardous and other waste and their trans boundary movements and disposal.

10

What is Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants?

Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants is a global treaty to protect human health and environment from persistent chemical substances that are geographically widely distributed, accumulate in the fatty tissue of living organisms and are toxic to humans and wildlife.

 

Last Updated on Monday, 04 March 2013 09:37